The lion is the dominant animal in the natural environment in Africa. Additionally, the strong character, hierarchical group structure and strong physical characteristics give this animal the common name of "King of the Jungle". The lion`s roar can be heard from 8 kilometers distance. The roar warns intruders within the lion`s territory and also serves to call to members of the lion`s pride (family/clan group).

The male lion can reach a weight of 250 pounds. The main feature that physically differentiates male and female lions is the mane at the head and neck. The lion in its natural conditions of African grassland savannahs can live from 10 to 14 years and in supportive captivity, more than 20 years. The male lion in Zoo Bitola is 26 years old, the female 14.

The lions are the most social animals in the family cats.

The natural habitat of the tiger is thick vegetation, providing camouflage for their bright markings and for the provision of stealthy hunting. Tigers, unlike other cats (except the jaguar), like to swim. The tiger will choose the warmest times of day to bathe.

The striped fur of the typical tiger contains 100 lines, and is unique to each animal, and therefore useful for identification. The tiger is the largest cat in the wild and can weigh up to 300 kg. The average length is about 3-3.5 meters. The tiger`s favorite foods are antelope, buffalo, deer, wild boar and rabbit.

The pride of Macedonia can weigh over 500kg, is nearly 3 meters tall and can reach a speed of 56 km an hour in short runs. The main characteristic is the hibernation or winter sleep. During this period, the bear is in a state of reduced activity characterized by slow respiration, lack of food, drink or elimination and low body temperature. Reserves of nutrients that are needed are taken from the body`s stored fat, resulting in weight loss of half the body weight.

The bear`s natural diet is 90% vegetarian. In rare cases, bears hunt deer, roe deer, bison, or moose. When hunting, it is far more common to use teeth and paws to deliver a blow. The total population of brown bears in the world is estimated at 200,000 individuals, and therefore not considered an endangered species.

The fox is familiar to most children because it is found throughout many fairy tales and cartoons. The fox is easily recognized by its distinctive appearance - red and black legs, pointy ears and bushy tail. The fox will take on a has a "winter coat", much as humans do.

In special conditions, the fur can increase density to maintain body temperature. The fox diet consists of domestic birds: hens, pheasants, roosters, and geese. It is also known to eat young deer, domestic and wild pigs, frogs and lizards. Foxes are nocturnal, primarily hunting and living alone. Red fox in Zоо Bitola has relatives in America, Europe, North Africa and Asia.

Throughout human history and folk tales and children`s fairy tales, the wolf has been considered a fearful foe of humankind. The gray wolves in Zoo Bitola are representative of their subspecies, and are an ancestor of the domestic dog. Though wolves are primarily a pack animal, they are also known to exist as loners. The normal pack consists of males, females and their offspring.

Wolves in the wild are predators feeding on large herbivores such as deer, but are also known to hunt wild pigs, rodents, rabbits and moles. In extreme cases, wolves will feed on carcasses or offal. There are 37 subspecies of gray wolf. Wolves have existed for over 800,000 years, have compact strong bodies and can run at speeds up to 60 km per hour.

These colorful monkeys originate from Sri Lanka. Their looks vary depending on their habitat. Macaques prefer natural forest land of varying altitudes: from sea level up to 6000 meters altitude. Macaques living in cold climates have thick, dark brown fur, short limbs and tail, while those living in lowland forests have reddish or golden color.

Macaques are omnivorous, eating fruit, seeds, nuts, mushrooms, invertebrates and occasionally animals including reptiles and birds. They are capable of invading cultivated areas and feeding on agricultural crops. Loss of natural habitat and reduced numbers give the macaque status as an endangered species.

These colorful monkeys originate from Sri Lanka. Their looks vary depending on their habitat. Macaques prefer natural forest land of varying altitudes: from sea level up to 6000 meters altitude. Macaques living in cold climates have thick, dark brown fur, short limbs and tail, while those living in lowland forests have reddish or golden color.

Macaques are omnivorous, eating fruit, seeds, nuts, mushrooms, invertebrates and occasionally animals including reptiles and birds. They are capable of invading cultivated areas and feeding on agricultural crops. Loss of natural habitat and reduced numbers give the macaque status as an endangered species.

These often domesticated animals are the best-behaved inhabitants of the zoo. Many of these zoo animals can be seen in the local environment, as farm animals. Some of these animals can live 25-30 years. Their common characteristics are hoofed feet. This hoof is composed of the same material as human fingernails.

Therefore, they should be trimmed occasionally to prevent injury or ingrown conditions. The hoof allows proper movement through various terrains in nature. Ungulates are herbivore animals eating only during the day. They have relatively small stomachs and long intestines for proper digestion.

Weighing up to 37 kg and as tall as one meter, baboons are one of the largest primates in nature. Although without a useful tail for climbing, the baboon can climb trees when in immediate danger, and when sleeping or eating. Their omnivorous diet consists of foods that can include plants, grasses, corn, leaves as well as birds small antelope and sheep.

Baboons usually live in extended family groups with a strict and rigid structure. The Alpha-male of the group will demonstrate his control over the other members of the group in different ways. Baboons tend to each other through grooming each other, cleaning one another of insects and dead skin.

These include animals that can be found in typical farmyards of our grandmothers and grandfathers. These particular domestic animals may come from other continents or territories, but over time they have successfully adapted to life in our region. The Macedonian indigenous animals include buffalo, cow, donkey, horse, donkey, and sheep.

Men successfully tamed these animals and engaged them in performing great service in agricultural production. Therefore, besides ecological, these animals have contributed great economic impact. Most commonly they are used for the milk, wool, leather, meat, and for plowing, towing and transportation. Despite their illustrious role as indispensable parts of every family in the recent past, some of them may be considered as endangered indigenous species.

Falcon is the fastest bird on the planet Earth. It eats smaller birds like pigeons, ducks, and hummingbirds. In his distinctive "fall" from the sky, the falcon can develop fantastic speed of 320 km per hour. It hunts its pray exclusively from the air. As with all birds, the male falcon is almost one third smaller than the female falcon.

These bird-predator lives in nests built in holes on inaccessible cliffs. Falcon never makes its nest, but mostly uses old abandoned nests of crows, or simply lays its eggs directly on the hard-reachable rocks. Falcon typically lays 3 to 4 eggs, depending on the availability to food. Eggs incubate 38-42 days. To begin to fly out of the nest and become irrevocable hunters as their parents, small falcons need an additional 40 days. Although very strong and durable birds, the fact is that only 30% of newly-born falcons successfully survive their first winter.

Common Kestrel which lives in Bitola Zoo, can reach lengths of 40 cm and a maximum wingspan of 80 cm. It is widespread on the territory of Eurasia and Africa. It feeds on small rodents, mice or small birds like sparrows and tits. Kestrel falcon is considered excessive useful bird because it naturally reduces the number of pests-rodents. The presence of this bird in the food chain of a particular environment is evidence that the quality of natural resources in it is satisfactory high.

Some species of this bird are considered endangered due to extremely reduced numbers of wild individuals. One such is the white-headed eagle in the territory of Mariovo. The female white-headed eagle is larger than the male. One of the most beautiful sights in nature is the eagle cruising down to capture a fish from the water. Eagles have extremely developed eyesight. They can see fish on a distance of a mile.

During the hunt, they reach flight speed of 160km per hour. The Nests are built on very high trees or remote rocky areas for more secure protection of their young. Wing span of eagles can reach 2 meters and their weight can be up to nine kilos.

It`s a bird that hunts only at night. Their body length ranges from 59 to 73 cm, and the range of wings 160-190 cm. The greatest weight that owl can reach is 2-4 kg. Owl is smaller than the Golden Eagle. There are characteristic large feathered "ears" at the top of its head that have nothing to do with the ear openings, which are settled lower on its head. Male and female owls are not easy to distinguish by exterior, because they have exactly the same body color and size. However, male and female owls differ exactly by feather "ears" which on female`s head are lowered down.

Owls have warm grayish colored bodies, chests painted with broad lines. Their "face" is dark and it is especially recognizable by their orange eyes. It feeds on a variety of animals such as mice, rats and rabbits, carcasses of larger animals and fish and insects. Especially enjoy when eating urchins, snakes, skunks and bats.

Owl can be found only in isolated places, but generally it lives in Europe and Asia, old broadleaf and coniferous forests, steppes, semi-desserts, wet and dry plains, rocky terrain. Owl lays down its eggs at the end of March, and usually their number is 2-4. Small owls their first begin their flight in late June while full maturity reach after the second year of their life.

According to its size and weight, the ostrich is the largest land bird on earth. They are typically 2.7m high, averaging a meter higher than man, and with a weight of 160 kg, are powerful and potentially dangerous. Though they cannot fly, they are very strong runners. For short distances, they can reach speeds of 64km an hour.

The strongest part of his body is the long legs, providing a powerful defense against attacks by stronger animals. The diet consists of plants, roots, leaves and seeds, small lizards and insects. In native conditions, the ostrich coexists easily with antelopes and zebras and other grazing grassland animals. Herbivores are their best mates in nature, because they leave insects and smaller reptiles for ostriches to eat, while these are keen to alert them if they occur near a foe.

This beautiful, colorful and very intelligent representative of the family of parrots is found in the rain forests of Central and South America, where its colorful appearance is well-hidden in the natural environment of equally colorful flowers. Its beak is strong enough to crack nuts or hard-shelled fruits.

The claws of the Ara parrot are curved and strong, allowing them to maintain a perch on branches under all conditions, and can maintain balance with one claw while examining potential food or other objects with the other foot. Ara parrots in nature live in groups of 10-30 individuals and they greet fellow group members with a specific call. Like many species of parrots, Aras can imitate other sounds well, making them trainable to produce words in the language of their trainers.

The height of a full-grown, full-size llama is 1.7 to 1.8 m (5.6 to 5.9 ft) tall at the top of the head, and can weigh between 130 and 200 kg (290 and 440 lb). At birth, a baby llama (called a cria) can weigh between 9 and 14 kg (20 and 31 lb). Llamas typically live for 15–25 years, with some individuals surviving 30 years or more.

They are very social animals and live with other llamas as a herd. The wool produced by a llama is very soft and lanolin-free. Llamas are intelligent and can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions. When using a pack, they can carry about 25% to 30% of their body weight for 8–13 km (5–8 miles)

Llamas appear to have originated from the central plains of North America about 40 million years ago. They migrated to South America about three million years ago. By the end of the last ice age (10,000–12,000 years ago), camelids were extinct in North America. As of 2007, there were over seven million llamas and alpacas in South America, and due to importation from South America in the late 20th century, there are now over 158,000 llamas and 100,000 alpacas in the United States and Canada.

Bulls are much more muscular than cows, with thicker bones, larger feet, a very muscular neck, and a large, bony head with protective ridges over the eyes. These features assist bulls in fighting for domination over a herd, giving the winner superior access to cows for reproduction. The hair is generally shorter on the body, but on the neck and head there is often a "mane" of curlier, wooly hair. Bulls are usually about the same height as cows or a little taller, but because of the additional muscle and bone mass they often weigh far more.

In horned cattle the horns of bulls tend to be thicker and somewhat shorter than those of cows, and in many breeds they curve outwards in a flat arc rather than upwards in a lyre shape. It is not true, as is commonly believed, that bulls have horns and cows do not: the presence of horns depends on the breed, or in horned breeds on whether the horns have been disbudded (conversely, in many breeds of sheep it is indeed only the males which have horns).

A pony is a small horse. Depending on context, a pony may be a horse that is under an approximate or exact height at the withers, or a small horse with a specific conformation and temperament. There are many different breeds. Compared to other horses, ponies often exhibit thicker manes, tails and overall coat, as well as proportionally shorter legs, wider barrels, heavier bone, thicker necks, and shorter heads with broader foreheads.

The ancestors of most modern ponies developed small stature because they lived on the margins of livable horse habitat. These smaller animals were domesticated and bred for various purposes all over the Northern Hemisphere.

Ponies are generally considered intelligent and friendly, although sometimes they also are described as stubborn or cunning.

Lemurs are a clade of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar.

Lemurs arrived in Madagascar around 62 to 65 mya by rafting on mats of vegetation at a time when ocean currents favored oceanic dispersal to the island.

Since that time, lemurs have evolved to cope with an extremely seasonal environment and their adaptations give them a level of diversity that rivals that of all other primate groups.

Until shortly after humans arrived on the island around 2,000 years ago, there were lemurs as large as a male gorilla. Today, there are nearly 100 species of lemurs, and most of those species have been discovered or promoted to full species status since the 1990s.

The ferret is the domesticated form of the European polecat, a mammal belonging to the same genus as the weasel. They typically have brown, black, white, or mixed fur. They have an average length of 51 cm including a 13 cm tail, weigh about 0.7–2 kg, and have a natural lifespan of 7 to 10 years.

The history of the ferret`s domestication is uncertain, like that of most other domestic animals, but it is likely that ferrets have been domesticated for at least 2,500 years. They are still used for hunting rabbits in some parts of the world, but increasingly, they are kept only as pets.

Leopards are graceful and powerful big cats closely related to lions, tigers, and jaguars. They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. However, many of their populations are endangered, especially outside of Africa.

The leopard is so strong and comfortable in trees that it often hauls its kills into the branches. By dragging the bodies of large animals aloft it hopes to keep them safe from scavengers such as hyenas. Leopards can also hunt from trees, where their spotted coats allow them to blend with the leaves until they spring with a deadly pounce.

These nocturnal predators also stalk antelope, deer, and pigs by stealthy movements in the tall grass. When human settlements are present, leopards often attack dogs and, occasionally, people.

Leopards are strong swimmers and very much at home in the water, where they sometimes eat fish or crabs.

The coyote is a canid native to North America. It is a smaller, more basal animal than its close relative, the gray wolf, being roughly the North American equivalent to the Old World golden jackal, though it is larger and more predatory in nature.

It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in nuclear families or in loosely-knit packs of unrelated individuals.

It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal matter, including ungulates, lagomorphs, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruit and vegetable matter on occasion.

It is a very vocal animal, whose most iconic sound consists of a howl emitted by solitary individuals.

Lates News

A number of reconstruction and construction of which would be presented as follows:
  • Reconstructed toilet for visitors;
  • Set an marketing panel at the main entrance gate;
  • Activated object for rest and refreshment to visitors (ice cream, coffee, tea and soft drinks);
  • Санирана е оградата на периметарот на Зоолошката градина;
  • Built a new slaughterhouse;
  • Reconstructed the pool with a fountain in the central area of the Zoo;
  • Built a summer stage for holding cultural events;
  • Placed 44 lampposts for lighting of the Zoo;
  • Installed power supply in a country house with farm (it is ready to maintain the birthday celebrations) and habitat for monkeys and bears;
  • Performed additional construction work in habitat for hippo, to increase the security of the same;
  • Organized cultural and artistic program within the BIT FEST entitled "ZOO FEST";
  • MINI BUS is branded with the logo of the Zoo;
  • The procedure for a complete video surveillance Zoo is initiated;
  • Placed fire extinguishers and first-aid boxes;
  • Recorded five (5) episodes ZOO TV;
  • This web page is made, and is done and refresh the facebook page;
  • Horticultural covered trail to the spring months;

Contact info

Tumbe Kafe b.b.
+389 (0) 47 222 956
+389 (0) 47 202 033
zoo-gradina-bt@t-home.mk
www.facebook.com/zoobitola

Copyright © 2015. Sponsored by EU.